VPAT – Watchman and Accessibility

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A Focus on Accessibility

Watchman is committed to accessibility as part of mission to provide the highest quality and most usable software and services to the Higher Education community. This includes creating and maintaining digital products and services that are accessible regardless of ability.

Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT)

The Voluntary Product Accessibility Template, or VPAT is meant to report the capabilities of vendors like Watchman to offer “Electronic and Information Technology” products and services  that support accessibility. 

The purpose of the tables below is to show Watchman’s performance to important criteria (see: WCAG 2.0 Level A to AAA Success Criteria to Section 508 Functional Performance Criteria

Watchman’s STEP Platform

This assessment first covers the STEP Platform which is made up of middleware software that we refer to as the API. This interface handles all transactions between Campus Systems, including POS systems, SIS’s and other important systems. As middleware, much of the important VPAT criteria does not apply as it would for user-facing software.

Later, the assessment will also be upgraded to cover back-office UX components, referred to as the UI, which will be used for customer configuration and  initial system configuration, to monitor performance and occasional manual queries.

Summary Results

 Total StandardsTotal Applicable StandardsSupportsPartially SupportsDoes Not SupportTotal Exceptions
API612323000
User Interface (UI)61NANANANANA

Watchman STEP API results

As mentioned above, the Watchman STEP platform API is a middleware interface between systems and therefore many of the VPAT requirements are not applicable.

StandardLevelStandard DescriptionResultSummary
1.1.1 Non-text ContentAAll non-text content that is presented to the user has a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose, except for the situations listed below.Not ApplicableNo non-text content.
1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded)AProvide alternatives for time-based media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded)ACaptions are provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded)AAn alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.4 Captions (Live)AACaptions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded)AAAudio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.6 Sign Language (Prerecorded)AAASign language interpretation is provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronized media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.7 Extended Audio Description (Prerecorded)AAAWhere pauses in foreground audio are insufficient to allow audio descriptions to convey the sense of the video, extended audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.8 Media Alternative (Prerecorded)AAAAn alternative for time-based media is provided for all prerecorded synchronized media and for all prerecorded video-only media.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.2.9 Audio-only (Live)AAAAn alternative for time-based media that presents equivalent information for live audio-only content is provided.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.3.1 Info and RelationshipsAInformation, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text.SupportsAll content is returned via standard JSON format, including labels.
1.3.2 Meaningful SequenceAWhen the sequence in which content is presented affects its meaning, a correct reading sequence can be programmatically determined.SupportsAll content is returned via standard JSON format, including labels.
1.3.3 Sensory CharacteristicsAInstructions provided for understanding and operating content do not rely solely on sensory characteristics of components such as shape, size, visual location, orientation, or sound.SupportsAll content is returned via standard JSON format, including labels.
1.4.1 Use of ColorAColor is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element.Not ApplicableNo color is returned.
1.4.2 Audio ControlAIf any audio on a Web page plays automatically for more than 3 seconds, either a mechanism is available to pause or stop the audio, or a mechanism is available to control audio volume independently from the overall system volume level.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum)AANot ApplicableContent is not returned via a UI.
1.4.4 Resize textAAExcept for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality.Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.4.5 Images of TextAAIf the technologies being used can achieve the visual presentation, text is used to convey information rather than images of text except for the following:
Customizable: The image of text can be visually customized to the user's requirements;
Essential: A particular presentation of text is essential to the information being conveyed.
Note: Logotypes (text that is part of a logo or brand name) are considered essential.
Not ApplicableInformation is returned as text only.
1.4.6 Contrast EnhancedAAANot ApplicableContent is not returned via a UI.
1.4.7 Low or No Background AudioAAAFor prerecorded audio-only content that (1) contains primarily speech in the foreground, (2) is not an audio CAPTCHA or audio logo, and (3) is not vocalization intended to be primarily musical expression such as singing or rapping, at least one of the following is true:

No Background: The audio does not contain background sounds.

Turn Off: The background sounds can be turned off.
20 dB: The background sounds are at least 20 decibels lower than the foreground speech content, with the exception of occasional sounds that last for only one or two seconds.
Note: Per the definition of "decibel," background sound that meets this requirement will be approximately four times quieter than the foreground speech content.
Not ApplicableNo media content is utilized.
1.4.8 Visual PresentationAAAFor the visual presentation of blocks of text, a mechanism is available to achieve the following:
Foreground and background colors can be selected by the user.
Width is no more than 80 characters or glyphs (40 if CJK).
Text is not justified (aligned to both the left and the right margins).
Line spacing (leading) is at least space-and-a-half within paragraphs, and paragraph spacing is at least 1.5 times larger than the line spacing.
Text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent in a way that does not require the user to scroll horizontally to read a line of text on a full-screen window.
Supportsno restrictions on how info can be displayed as API results are returned programmatically and can be presented as preferred
1.4.9 Images of Text (No Exception) ControlAAAImages of text are only used for pure decoration or where a particular presentation of text is essential to the information being conveyed.
Note: Logotypes (text that is part of a logo or brand name) are considered essential.
Not ApplicableNo images of text.
2.1.1 KeyboardAAll functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user's movement and not just the endpoints.SupportsThe API information is available as a Swagger setup, which is not timing dependent and can be fully utilized using a keyboard only.
2.1.2 No Keyboard TrapAIf keyboard focus can be moved to a component of the page using a keyboard interface, then focus can be moved away from that component using only a keyboard interface, and, if it requires more than unmodified arrow or tab keys or other standard exit methods, the user is advised of the method for moving focus away.SupportsThe API information is available as a Swagger setup, which is not timing dependent and can be fully utilized using a keyboard only.
2.1.3 Keyboard (No Exception)AAAAll functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes. (Level AAA)SupportsThe API information is available as a Swagger setup, which is not timing dependent and can be fully utilized using a keyboard only.
2.2.1 Timing AdjustableAFor each time limit that is set by the content, at least one of the following is true:
Turn off: The user is allowed to turn off the time limit before encountering it; or
Adjust: The user is allowed to adjust the time limit before encountering it over a wide range that is at least ten times the length of the default setting; or
Extend: The user is warned before time expires and given at least 20 seconds to extend the time limit with a simple action (for example, "press the space bar"), and the user is allowed to extend the time limit at least ten times; or
Real-time Exception: The time limit is a required part of a real-time event (for example, an auction), and no alternative to the time limit is possible; or
Essential Exception: The time limit is essential and extending it would invalidate the activity; or
20 Hour Exception: The time limit is longer than 20 hours.
Note: This success criterion helps ensure that users can complete tasks without unexpected changes in content or context that are a result of a time limit. This success criterion should be considered in conjunction with Success Criterion 3.2.1, which puts limits on changes of content or context as a result of user action.
Not ApplicableThe API calls do not have a required time for entry.
2.2.2 Pause, Stop, HideAFor moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, all of the following are true:
Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and
Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it or to control the frequency of the update unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential.
Note 1: For requirements related to flickering or flashing content, refer to Guideline 2.3.
Note 2: Since any content that does not meet this success criterion can interfere with a user's ability to use the whole page, all content on the Web page (whether it is used to meet other success criteria or not) must meet this success criterion. See Conformance Requirement 5: Non-Interference.
Note 3: Content that is updated periodically by software or that is streamed to the user agent is not required to preserve or present information that is generated or received between the initiation of the pause and resuming presentation, as this may not be technically possible, and in many situations could be misleading to do so.
Note 4: An animation that occurs as part of a preload phase or similar situation can be considered essential if interaction cannot occur during that phase for all users and if not indicating progress could confuse users or cause them to think that content was frozen or broken.
Not ApplicableNo autoupdating, blinking, or scrolling information presented using an API call.
2.2.3 No TimingAAATiming is not an essential part of the event or activity presented by the content, except for non-interactive synchronized media and real-time events. SupportsSpecific timing is not required for any endpoints.
2.2.4 InterruptionsAAAInterruptions can be postponed or suppressed by the user, except interruptions involving an emergency.SupportsThe API calls do not involve interruptions.
2.2.5 Re -authenticatingAAAWhen an authenticated session expires, the user can continue the activity without loss of data after re-authenticating.SupportsIf the token expires, the user can resubmit the same data.
2.3.1 Three Flashes or Below ThresholdAWeb pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period, or the flash is below the general flash and red flash thresholds.
Note: Since any content that does not meet this success criterion can interfere with a user's ability to use the whole page, all content on the Web page (whether it is used to meet other success criteria or not) must meet this success criterion. See Conformance Requirement 5: Non-Interference.
SupportsNo endpoints flash
2.3.2 Three FlashesAAAWeb pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period.SupportsNo endpoints flash
2.4.1 Bypass BlocksAA mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple Web pages.Not ApplicableThere is no critically repeated content.
2.4.2 Page TitledAWeb pages have titles that describe topic or purpose.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
2.4.3 Focus OrderAIf a Web page can be navigated sequentially and the navigation sequences affect meaning or operation, focusable components receive focus in an order that preserves meaning and operability.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context)AThe purpose of each link can be determined from the link text alone or from the link text together with its programmatically determined link context, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general.Not ApplicableLinks are not present in the returned content.
2.4.5 Multiple WaysAAMore than one way is available to locate a Web page within a set of Web pages except where the Web Page is the result of, or a step in, a process.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
2.4.6 Headings and LabelsAAHeadings and labels describe topic or purpose.SupportsEndpoints are clearly named to correspond to their purpose.
2.4.7 Focus VisibleAAAny keyboard operable user interface has a mode of operation where the keyboard focus indicator is visible.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not include UI.
2.4.8 LocationAAAInformation about the user's location within a set of Web pages is available.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
2.4.9 Link Purpose (Link Only)AAAA mechanism is available to allow the purpose of each link to be identified from link text alone, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general.Not ApplicableLinks are not present in the returned content.
2.4.10 Section HeadingsAAASection headings are used to organize the content.
Note 1: "Heading" is used in its general sense and includes titles and other ways to add a heading to different types of content.
Note 2: This success criterion covers sections within writing, not user interface components. User Interface components are covered under Success Criterion 4.1.2.
Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.1.1 Language of PageAThe default human language of each Web page can be programmatically determined.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.1.2 Language of PartsAAThe human language of each passage or phrase in the content can be programmatically determined except for proper names, technical terms, words of indeterminate language, and words or phrases that have become part of the vernacular of the immediately surrounding text.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.1.3 Unusual WordsAAAA mechanism is available for identifying specific definitions of words or phrases used in an unusual or restricted way, including idioms and jargon.SupportsThe API is fully documented using Swagger.
3.1.4 AbbreviationsAAAA mechanism for identifying the expanded form or meaning of abbreviations is available.SupportsAll word meanings used are standard.
3.1.5 Reading LevelAAAWhen text requires reading ability more advanced than the lower secondary education level after removal of proper names and titles, supplemental content, or a version that does not require reading ability more advanced than the lower secondary education level, is available.SupportsNo long form text is returned from the API.
3.1.6 PronunciationAAAA mechanism is available for identifying specific pronunciation of words where meaning of the words, in context, is ambiguous without knowing the pronunciation.Not ApplicableNo pronunciation-specific words are used in the endpoints.
3.2.1 On FocusAWhen any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.2.2 On InputAChanging the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.2.3 Consistent NavigationAANavigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of Web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.2.4 Consistent IdentificationAAComponents that have the same functionality within a set of Web pages are identified consistently.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
3.2.5 Change on RequestAAAChanges of context are initiated only by user request or a mechanism is available to turn off such changes.SupportsAPI endpoints only return information when called by a user.
3.3.1 Error IdentificationAIf an input error is automatically detected, the item that is in error is identified and the error is described to the user in text.SupportsAPI endpoints return useful and appropriate error messages.
3.3.2 Labels or InstructionsALabels or instructions are provided when content requires user input.SupportsAll content is returned via standard JSON format, including labels.
3.3.3 Error SuggestionAAIf an input error is automatically detected and suggestions for correction are known, then the suggestions are provided to the user, unless it would jeopardize the security or purpose of the content.SupportsAPI endpoints return useful and appropriate error messages.
3.3.4 Error Prevention (Legal, Financial, Data)AAFor Web pages that cause legal commitments or financial transactions for the user to occur, that modify or delete user-controllable data in data storage systems, or that submit user test responses, at least one of the following is true:
Reversible: Submissions are reversible.
Checked: Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them.
Confirmed: A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission.
SupportsAll submissions are reversible, either by deletion or by a balancing negative/positive transaction. The Authorize endpoint is used to confirm the Capture endpoint.
3.3.5 HelpAAAContext-sensitive help is available.SupportsThe API is fully documented using Swagger.
3.3.6 Error Prevention (All)AAAFor Web pages that require the user to submit information, at least one of the following is true:
Reversible: Submissions are reversible.
Checked: Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them.
Confirmed: A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission.
SupportsAll submissions are reversible, either by deletion or by a balancing negative/positive transaction. The Authorize endpoint is used to confirm the Capture endpoint.
4.1.1 ParsingAIn content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features.Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.
4.1.2 Name, Role, ValueAFor all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements, links and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies.
Note: This success criterion is primarily for Web authors who develop or script their own user interface components. For example, standard HTML controls already meet this success criterion when used according to specification.
Not ApplicableAPI endpoints do not function as a standalone web page and are clearly labeled.

Watchman UI results – coming soon